The 8 Different Types of Insomnia

Generally, insomnia is an episode of sleeplessness, which occurs when a person is stressed out, anxious or distressed. But did you know that there are 8 different kinds of insomnia and multiple sub-types? If you are having bouts of insomnia then it’s important to determine the root cause of your condition. In today’s post, we are outlining the many different types of insomnia:

General Insomnia

General insomnia is the term used to classify a person who is having trouble sleeping, staying asleep or is waking up too early. Usually, this condition leads to daytime sleepiness, sluggishness, and fatigue.

Acute Insomnia

Also known as adjustment insomnia, acute insomnia is sleeplessness caused by stress. Acute insomnia is treated by eliminating the root cause of stress and once it’s gone, a patient assumes his or her normal sleep pattern. In some cases, excitement from a positive event or occurrence could also lead to disturbed sleep.

Image used under Creative Commons from Fernando Garcia

Childhood Insomnia

This sleep disorder occurs when a child was never trained to go to bed on time. For instance, if a child is trained to go to bed at a specific hour, said child is able to sleep normally at night. But if a child doesn’t have a specific bedtime, he or she could stay awake for hours at night, which leads to sleep deprivation. If you have kids at home, teach them the importance of sleeping at the right time and help them establish better sleeping habits.

Idiopathic Insomnia

Idiopathic insomnia is a lifelong sleep disorder rooted in infancy or childhood then progresses to adulthood. Unfortunately, scientists are unable to explain the reason for this condition. However, certain factors such as psychiatric disorders, medical problems, traumatic experiences, pain, genetics, and medication use increase the risk of developing this condition. Some doctors believe that an overactive awakening or underactive sleep system could be the cause of idiopathic insomnia.

Substance Abuse Induced Insomnia

Abusing certain types of drugs or beverages could cause temporary sleeplessness. Caffeinated drinks, alcohol, prescription medication or even a food item can cause sleep disruption that goes away as soon as you abstain from it. The key to treating this type of insomnia is knowing what food, drink or drug is causing you sleepless nights and ensuring that you don’t take it an hour or two before bedtime.

Insomnia Caused by a Medical Condition

This is a type of mental health problem that leads to sleep deprivation. The length of the episode and the severity of insomnia are directly linked to the mental disorder such as extreme anxiety or stress, However, treating the mental disorder may not necessarily lead to overcoming sleeplessness. The sleep condition must be treated separately.

Image used under Creative Commons from Joshua Hayworth

Paradoxical Insomnia

Paradoxical insomnia is a severe type of insomnia that occurs without objective evidence of sleep disturbance. This type of insomnia is caused by mental problems. The severity of the condition will vary but generally, sufferers get little to no sleep for a night or more. Most patients suffering from this condition report a “hyper-awareness” of their external environment.

Psychophysiological Insomnia

Psychophysiological insomnia is a sleep disorder caused by excessive worrying. A person who is plagued by psychophysiological insomnia usually ends up worrying about not being able to fall asleep, which cause even more severe mental distress.

Patients who suffer from this condition are typically treated for depression or anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of the most effective treatments for psychophysiological insomnia.